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Glossary of Aikido Words

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Numbers

AIHANMI (eye-hahn-mee) mutual stance when both partners have the same foot advanced
AIKIDO (eye-kee-doe) AI: Harmony
KI: Spirit
DO: The Way or Path (see about aikido)
AIKIDOKA (eye-kee-doe-kah) Aikido practitioner
AIKI KEN (eye-kee-ken) Aikido sword techniques; swordsmanship according to the principles of Aikido
AIKI TAISO (eye-kee-tie-soe) aikido exercises
ATEMI (ah-tem-ee) strikes, blows
AWASE (ah-wah-say) bokken blending practices
BOKKEN (bohk-ken) wooden training sword
BUDO (boo-doe) martial way
BUDOKA (boo-doe-kah) martial way practitioner
BUJUTSU (boo-joot-soo) martial art
BUSHIDO (boo-shee-doe) warrior's code; the way of the warrior
DAN (dahn) black belt rank
DESHI (deh-shee) student, pupil, disciple
DOJO (doe-joe) place of the way; a place of aikido training
DOJO CHO (doe-joe-choe) chief instructor of dojo
DOSHU (doe-shoo) grandmaster; following the traditional Japanese custom, the position of Doshu has been made hereditary.
GI (ghee) training uniform
GYAKU-HANMI (gee-yah-koo-hahn-mee) reverse stance; when partners have opposite feet advanced
HAJIME (hah-jee-may) Begin!
Hakama (hah-kah-mah) The navy or black skirt-like trousers worn by Aikido-ists are called "hakama" and are part of the uniform worn by holders of black belt rank in our dojo. The custom regarding the wearing of the hakama varies among Aikido dojos. The hakama is a traditional link to the uniform worn by the Japanese Samurai warrior.
HANMI (hahn-mee) Stance in which one foot is advanced one step and the body weight is distributed equally on both feet; triangular stance
HANMI HANDACHI (hahn-mee hahn-dah-chee) nage is kneeling and uke attacks from a standing position
HANTAI (hahn-tie) reverse
HAPPO-GIRI (hahp-poh gee-ree) 8 cut; 8 direction exercise with bokken
Hari (hah-rah) lower abdomen - physical and spiritual center.
Henka (hayn-kah) variation
Hidari (hee-da-ree) the direction, left
Jiyu Waza (jee-yoo wah-zah) free-style technique
Jo (joe) wooden short staff used in training
Jujutsu (joo-joot-soo) flexible, yielding art
Kaeshi Waza (kai-ee-shee wah-zah) reversal techniques
Kamae (ka-mah-eh) posture, stance
kata (kah-tah) fixed form; predetermined sequence of movements or techniques.
keiko (kay-koe) practice session
ken (ken) Japanese sword
ki (kee) spirit; the vital force of the body; Universal Energy; a stream or flow of positive energy.
kiai (kee-eye) meeting of the spirits; a piercing scream or cry with practical and psychological value.
kikai tanden (kee-keye tahn-den) ocean field of ki; physical and spiritual center located two inches beneath one's navel. As a source of spiritual strength and mental power, it must be nourished through kokyu and ki development exercises.
kimusubi (kee-moo-soo-bee) linking ki; to be linked to the ki of an other person or thing is to be in kimusubi, a fertile state that fosters new life.
kokyu (koh-kyoo) (animating breath) the coordination of universal flow with breathing.
koshi (koh-shee) hip
kyu (kyoo) ranking grades before black belt
ma-ai (mah-eye) distance between uke and nage; it varies according to the heights of the practitioners and whether or not they have weapons
matte (maht-tay) (stop!)
migi (mee-gee) the direction right
misogi (mee-soe-gee) (purification) with purification of body and mind, we can remove impurities and restore our true image; the Founder considered all of aikido techniques to be forms of misogi
mudansha (moo-dahn-shah) students of kyu grade
nafuda kake (nah-foo-dah kah-kay) (name plate board) the names of all ranked aikidoka in the dojo
nage (nah-gay) the person who throws
obi (oh-bee) belt
o sensei (oh-sen-say) (great teacher) - term referring to Morihei Ueshiba, founder of Aikido
randori (rahn-doe-ree) free style, usually an attack by multiple persons
rei (ray) salutation, bow
sempai (sem-pie) assistant teacher or senior student
seiza (say-zah) formal kneeling position
sensei (sen-say) (teacher)
shihan (shee-hahn) (master instructor)
shikko (shee-kow) (knee walking)
shisei (shee-say) an attitude during practice; a complete awareness of one's surroundings during and after the execution of a movement or technique
shodan (shoh-dahn) holder of first degree black belt
soto-mawari (soe-toe mah-wah-ree) (turning out) movement to the side of one's partner
suburi (soo-boo-ree) a single movement in the practice of jo or bokken technique
sutemi (soo-teh-mee) a "hard fall"; to throw or sacrifice the body
suwari waza (soo-wah-ree-wah-zah) sitting technique
tachi (tah-chee) Japanese sword or standing
tachi dori (tah-chee doh-ree) technique of taking an attacker's sword and throwing him
tachi waza (tah-chee wah-zah) standing technique
taijutsu (teye-joot-soo) (body arts) techniques performed without weapons
tai no henko (teye noe hen-koe) (body's change) exercise practicing the tenkan turn
tai sabaki (teye sah-bah-kee) (body movement) body movement in Aikido should be free-flowing, natural and prudent.
tanto (tahn-toe) knife
tegatana (tay-gah-tah-na) (hand sword) since aikido techniques are based on the sword, the hand motions, with the fingers spread actively projecting ki, should emulate the movements of a sword.
uchi (oo-chee) to strike
uchi mawari (oo-chee mah-wah-ree) (turn in) to step inside one's partners arm
uke (oo-kay) (receiver) the partner who receives the technique
ukemi (oo-kehm-mee) the art of falling - more completely, the art of attacking
ueshiba (oo-ay-shee-bah) Morihei Ueshiba - founder of Aikido
waza (wah-zah) technique
Yudansha (yoo-dahn-shah) black belt grade holders
zanshin (zahn-sheen) (unbroken concentration) the follow-through of the technique; one is connected to one's partner even after the throw, in an unbroken flow of ki, simultaneously ready to recieve any new attack


ICHI (ee-chee) 1
NI (nee) 2
SAN (sahn) 3
SHI / YON (shee / yohn) 4
GO (goh) 5
ROKU (roh-koo) 6
SHICHI / NANA (shee-chee / nah-nah) 7
HACHI (hah-chee) 8
KU (koo) 9
JU (joo) 10

The Art of Peace - Morihei Ueshiba
75 Failure is the key to success;
Each mistake teaches us something.
Aikido of Monterey · 1251 10th Street, Monterey CA 93940 · info@aikidomonterey.com · 831.375.8106

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